RHEL 8 + libvirt + docker + portainer

Build minimal install box of RHEL 8. You can choose Virtual Host and Headless administration and it covers most of this right off the bat, it will just skip them in the yum commands.

Watch your disk partitions! Changing storage after the fact isn’t terrible, but if you need to change storage, follow this: https://linuxconfig.org/configure-default-kvm-virtual-storage-on-redhat-linux#h6-1-create-new-virtual-storage-directory

This is RHEL, so register it with your free developer account (16 Free RHEL servers? Yes, thank you!)

SSH should be enabled and running:

sudo yum install openssh-server
sudo systemctl enable sshd
sudo systemctl start sshd
sudo systemctl status sshd
ssh to box:
yum -y update
yum -y install cockpit cockpit-machines
yum -y install qemu-kvm libvirt libguestfs-tools virt-install
yum -y install mc iperf3 iptraf-ng
yum -y install virt-install virt-viewer
systemctl start cockpit.socket
systemctl enable cockpit.socket
systemctl status cockpit.socket
firewall-cmd –add-service=cockpit –permanent
firewall-cmd –reload
# Cockpit is on: https://SERVER_IP:9090/

modprobe fuse
systemctl start libvirtd.service
systemctl enable libvirtd.service
systemctl status libvirtd.service

If needed, set up network bridge:
Cockpit – Networking – Add Bridge
Select your ethernet card (em1)

Should now be able to build virtual machines from within cockpit. You might need to reload the page or go out and back in for it to figure out libvirt is enabled.

If you can’t build a new VM, reboot the box at least once before freaking out.
ISO’s to install from:
ISOs should live in /var/lib/libvirt/images/ probably want to mount that as a read only nfs. If you mount iso’s somewhere else you can have permission issues that are tough to get around. Even when mounted in the above dir, I had issues selecting the OS when choosing the ISO, try picking the OS first if it won’t let you pick it after the iso selection.
go to cockpit – storage and add the NFS or SMB share, stupid easy.


yum update
bash <(curl -Ss https://my-netdata.io/kickstart.sh)
#(wait) (answer any prompts)
systemctl start netdata
systemctl enable netdata

# Add to IPTables via firewall-cmd:
firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=19999/tcpservice firewalld reload


yum install -y yum-utils
yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
yum makecache
yum remove buildah podman containerd runc
yum -y install docker-ce
systemctl enable --now docker
systemctl status docker
usermod -aG docker $USER
docker version
docker pull alpine
docker images
docker run -it --rm alpine /bin/sh


Docker compose:

curl -s https://api.github.com/repos/docker/compose/releases/latest \
  | grep browser_download_url \
  | grep docker-compose-Linux-x86_64 \
  | cut -d '"' -f 4 \
  | wget -qi -

chmod +x docker-compose-Linux-x86_64
mv docker-compose-Linux-x86_64 /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
docker-compose version


export VER="0.7.3"
wget https://github.com/bcicen/ctop/releases/download/v${VER}/ctop-${VER}-linux-amd64 -O ctop
chmod +x ctop
sudo mv ctop /usr/local/bin/ctop

docker pull portainer/portainer:latest
docker volume create portainer_data
docker run -d -p 8000:8000 -p 9000:9000 –name=portainer –restart=always -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -v portainer_data:/data portainer/portainer-ce

Go to http://SERVER_IP:9000/

Set a strong password

Choose Local and click Connect

Portainer: add custom repo for templates:

and click Save